Schools have experienced three major waves of computer technology over the last 30 years: micro-computers, networked electronic whiteboards and now an emerging wave of individual one-to-one iPads and Android tablets. In the past, the UK government has found it difficult to demonstrate value from technology in schools. Despite 80 per cent of schools being rated good or outstanding by Ofsted, the country’s performance in international league tables has declined. Is it possible to do better this time? Do business-led school networks have a role in promoting one-to-one learning? Will the Coalition’s less directive approach to technology procurement allow schools to experiment with different models for learning and teaching? And, if they do, how will Ofsted assess schools as they begin to embrace a new pedagogy of flipped classrooms, enquiry and project-based learning?